- Share this post:
You may have purchased your first home using an FHA loan, and now you’re looking into financing a second home. But because FHA loans are designed for first-time homebuyers, this time around you’ll be looking at a second home mortgage rather than an FHA loan. It’s important to understand the differences between the two products so you’ll know what to expect from the process.
Second home mortgages vs. FHA loans
The biggest difference between FHA loans and second home mortgages is that lenders consider second home mortgages to be higher risk. They know that in a financial crisis you’re more likely to make payments on the mortgage for your primary residence than you are on a second home. For that reason, the qualifications for a second home mortgage are stricter than those for an FHA loan. Here are the similarities and differences between a FHA loan and a second home mortgage.
Because an FHA loan is designed to help first-time buyers achieve home ownership, the credit score requirements for an FHA-backed loan are lower than they are for a second home mortgage. FHA loans typically require a minimum credit score of 620, while a second home mortgage is usually 680 or higher.
Your debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is calculated by comparing the amount of debt you’re carrying to your income. With an FHA loan, your DTI maximum is 57%. But your DTI cannot exceed 45% for a second home mortgage.
A second home mortgage will have a higher down payment than your FHA loan, usually a 10% minimum compared to 3% with the FHA. However, one benefit of your second home loan is that you can take advantage of your first home’s equity and use a HELOC or cash-out refinance to pay for all or part of the down payment for your second home.
As you may have guessed, a second home mortgage will have a higher interest rate than an FHA loan. It will also be higher if your second home is classified as an investment property rather than a vacation home (see “Investment properties vs. vacation homes” below). Keep in mind that interest rates vary by lender, so it’s a good idea to shop around.
Type of home
FHA loans allow for duplexes and other multi-family dwellings, but second home mortgages are for single-unit homes only, unless it’s classified as an investment property.
Both FHA loans and second home mortgages require closing costs, but these can vary from lender to lender.
Most lenders that offer FHA loans and conventional mortgages for primary residences also have second home mortgages.
Investment properties vs. vacation homes
Loan requirements will vary depending on how your second home is classified, with a vacation home having more lenient terms than an investment property. But how does a lender differentiate between an investment property and a vacation home?
A vacation home:
- Cannot be rented out more than 180 days out of the year
- Must be occupied by you (the owner) more than 14 days out of the year
- Must be 50 miles or more from your primary residence
If you fail to meet any of these criteria, your second home will be considered an investment property and you could be subject to income taxes and higher interest rates on your second home mortgage.
But having your second home classified as an investment property isn’t all bad news– lenders may also take into account potential rental income when calculating your DTI for an investment property, so in some cases, classifying your second home as an income property could be to your advantage.
While it’s true that second home mortgages have tougher restrictions than FHA loans, many lenders will be flexible if you have financial strengths that compensate for your weaknesses. For example, if your credit score is a bit on the low side, but you can provide a higher down payment, a lender will be more likely to work with you.
Financing your Pacaso
Pacaso’s LLC co-ownership model includes flexible financing options that can be used alone or combined with other financing. With our banking partners, we offer buyers access to a competitive-rate mortgage for up to 50% of the Pacaso’s purchase price.